Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) Online Handbook & Study Guide
Introduction - Get a glimpse of the Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support course. Familiarize yourself with the elements of the course, including course goals.
The First Assessment - Know what to do in case of an emergency. Determine whether you should begin with BLS or ACLS in an emergency situation.
General Concepts of Basic Life Support -Familiarize yourself with an overview of the Basic Life Support. Further, learn about the Chains of Survival for adult and pediatric care.
2010 BLS Guidelines Changes - Update yourself on the 2010 BLS changes recommended by the American Heart Association. Compare and contrast a list of previous and current recommendations.
BLS for Adults - Introduce yourself to the adult BLS procedure: chest compressions, establishing airway, giving breaths, and using AED for defibrillation. Also, learn the difference between CPR with one rescuer and CPR with two rescuers.
Advanced Cardiac Life Support - Dive into the anatomy and physiology of the heart. Take a journey through the electrical pathways of the heart, including the blood’s way through the atria, ventricles, and other cardiac parts.
The ACLS Survey (A-B-C-D) - Learn about the steps to take during the ACLS survey, which
includes Airway, Breathing, Circulation, and Differential Diagnosis (ABCD).
Airway Management - Learn about airway management and techniques. Familiarize
yourself with inserting basic airway adjuncts and the knowledge of advanced
airways and its equipment.
Basic Airway Adjuncts - Become an expert in the use of basic airways: oropharyngeal
airway (OPA), nasopharyngeal airway (NPA), and suctioning.
Basic Airway Technique - Learn step-by-step procedure to insert oropharyngeal and
nasopharyngeal airways as well as get tips on suctioning.
Advanced Airway Adjuncts - Become an expert in the use of advanced airways: endotracheal
tube (ET), laryngeal mask airway (LMA), laryngeal tube, and esophageal-tracheal
Route of Access - Learn about the two priority vascular routes: intravenous
(IV) and intraosseous (IO).
Pharmacological Tools - Refresh your memory on ACLS medication. Review the provided
table to reference information about adult drug dosage, routes, and uses of
Principles of Early Defibrillation - Get a glimpse of defibrillation and AED. Learn about the
purpose of defibrillation, principles of early defibrillation, basic AED operations,
and delivering shock.
Systems of Care - Introduce yourself to the Systems of Care based on the AHA
guidelines. Systems of care describe an organization of professionals necessary
to respond during emergencies and in any given circumstances.
Post Cardiac Arrest - Learn about the interventions for post-cardiac arrest care:
therapeutic hypothermia, optimization of hemodynamics and ventilation,
percutaneous coronary intervention, glucose control, and neurological care.
Acute Coronary Syndrome - As a health care provider, learn to recognize individuals
with potential ACS. Get your hands on the STEMI Chain of Survival and further learn
the goals of ACS treatment.
Acute Stroke - Get your hands on the Stroke Chain of Survival. Further,
learn about the goals of Acute Ischemic Stroke Care (the 8 D’s).
The Resuscitation Team - Whether you are a team leader or a team member, team
dynamics during resuscitation are vital. Learn about what you can bring to the
table as a leader or as a member of the resuscitation.
Education, Implementation, Teams - Introduce yourself to the concepts of Rapid Response Team
(RRT) and Medical Emergency Team (MET). Get familiar with tasks to do as a
nurse, physician, or even a family member during the event of a cardiac
Respiratory Arrest - Know what to do during a respiratory arrest, whether it is the
ACLS or the BLS steps that you are performing. Further, get to know the types
of ventilation (advanced and basic) and the techniques of placing the airways.
Ventricular Fibrillation & Pulseless Ventricular Tachycardia - Study the rules for ventricular fibrillation (VF),
ventricular tachycardia (VT), and torsades de pointes. These rules include
guidelines for regularity, rate, waves, intervals, and complexes for all three
Pulseless Electrical Activity & Asystole - Study the rules for pulseless electrical activity (PEA) and
asystole. Learn about the reversible causes of PEA (the H’s and the T’s).
Adult Cardiac Arrest Algorithm - Use the infographic to gain knowledge about the steps to
take in case of an adult cardiac arrest. Further, learn how about the quality
of CPR you give, shock energy, return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC),
advanced airway, drug therapy, and reversible causes of cardiac arrest.
Post-Cardiac Arrest Care - Get a glimpse of what to do to after a cardiac arrest has
passed: optimize ventilation and circulation; preserve heart and brain tissue
and function; and maintain recommended blood glucose levels. Learn how blood
pressure support, vasopressors, and hypothermia help during post-cardiac arrest
Adult Immediate Post-Cardiac Arrest Care Algorithm - Acquaint yourself with immediate post-cardiac arrest care
elements, including ventilation and oxygenation, doses and its details,
reversible causes of cardiac arrest, and steps to take in case of return of
spontaneous circulation (ROSC).
Symptomatic Bradycardia - Study the rules for sinus bradycardia, first degree AV
block, second degree type I AV block (wenkebach), second degree type II AV
block (mobitz II), and third degree AV block (complete heart block). These
rules include guidelines for regularity, rate, waves, intervals, and complexes
for all cases. Further, also get a glimpse of symptoms of bradycardia.
Adult Bradycardia with Pulse Algorithm - Use the infographic to gain knowledge about the steps to take in case of an adult bradycardia with pulse. Also, learn about the symptoms of tachycardia, and what to do in the event of tachycardia pulse being higher than 100 BMP symptomatic.
Stable & Unstable Tachycardia - Study the rules for sinus tachycardia, atrial flutter, and atrial fibrillation (A-FIB). These rules include guidelines for regularity, rate, waves, intervals and complexes for all cases. Also, learn about the symptoms of tachycardia, and what to do in the event of tachycardia pulse being higher than 100 BMP symptomatic.
Adult Tachycardia with Pulse Algorithm - Use the infographic to learn what to do in case of an adult tachycardia with pulse. Also get a quick glimpse of dosages for adult tachycardia with pulse.
Acute Coronary Syndrome - Learn about ACS and its symptoms; and get a glimpse of the EMS pathway.
Acute Coronary Syndrome Algorithm - Use the infographic to learn what to do when rescuing someone with ACS.
Acute Stroke - Learn about Acute Stroke and its symptoms; and get a glimpse of the EMS pathway. Further, review the goals set by National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) for situations when the time of symptom onset is known.
Acute Stroke Algorithm - Use the infographic to learn what to do when rescuing someone suffering from Acute Stroke.