Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) Handbook Index
Get a glimpse of the Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) course. Familiarize
yourself with the elements of the course, including guidelines and protocols
according to the AHA to help children and infants.
Learn the importance of teamwork, communication, and roles and responsibilities
of team leader and team members during resuscitation.
Familiarize yourself with Basic Life Support (BLS) for children and infants.
Learn about the set protocols for one-rescuer and two-rescuer BLS for both children and infants.
Get your hands on step-by-step procedures for one-rescuer and two-rescuer BLS for children.
Learn about the major differences between BLS for children and BLS for infants.
Additionally, get your hands on step-by-step procedures for one-rescuer and two-rescuer BLS for infants.
Utilize a detailed infographic to further your knowledge about the pediatric BLS algorithm.
Dive into the anatomy and physiology of the heart. Take a journey through the electrical
pathways of the heart, including the blood's way through the atria, ventricles, and other cardiac parts.
Learn what to do when you find an unresponsive child. Access the algorithm for the systematic way of handling the situation.
Become an expert in the Diagnose and Treat phase by following the ABCDE (airway, breathing, circulation,
disability, exposure) protocol as part of your initial assessment. Further, familiarize yourself with
neurological assessments including the AVPU (alert, voice, pain, unresponsive) Pediatric Response
Scale and the Glasgow Coma Scale (GSC).
Become an expert in the second assessment of the Diagnose and Treat phase by
following the acronym SPAM (Signs and symptoms, Past medical history, Allergies,
Medications). Further, familiarize yourself with life-threatening issues that may
interfere with perfusion and oxygenation during treatment.
Introduce yourself to resuscitation tools (medical devices and pharmacological tools) and their importance in PALS.
Learn to diagnose, treat, and facilitate care through various medical devices,
including intraosseus access, bag-mask ventilation, endotracheal intubation, basic
airway adjuncts, basic airway tech, and automated external defibrillator.
Refresh your memory on PALS medication. Review the provided table to reference
information about pediatrics drug dosage, routes, and uses of common drugs.
Learn the step-by-step procedure with the given algorithm and video to perform intraosseous access.
Learn how and when to perform the two types of bag-mask ventilations: self-inflating mask and flow-inflating masks.
Learn the circumstances under which to use endotracheal intubation.
Learn the circumstances under which to use the following basic airway adjuncts: oropharyngeal airway (OPA), nasopharyngeal airway (NPA), and suctioning.
Learn the step-by-step procedures of inserting OPAs and NPAs as well as get some tips on suctioning.
Learn the importance of and criteria for using an AED and the step-by-step
procedure on how to use it in children and infants. Further, familiarize yourself with
the 2010 AHA guidelines for defibrillation and AED use.
Respiratory Distress or Failure
Know how to recognize respiratory distress and failure through the given
list of signs and symptoms. In addition, learn the causes of respiratory distress
and failure in the pediatric population.
Know how to respond to and manage respiratory distress and failure in children
and infants. Further, learn about treatment for croup, foreign body, anaphylaxis,
bronchiolitis, asthma, pneumonia, pneumonitis, pulmonary edema, overdose, and trauma.
Know how to recognize bradycardia, in particular the following types: sinus bradycardia,
first degree AV block, type I second degree AV block (Mobitz I), type II second degree
AV block (Mobitz II), and third degree AV block (complete).
Know how to respond to symptomatic bradycardia by checking the heart rate, performing
the ABC survey, checking for signs and symptoms, providing drugs, and considering
expert consultation incase drugs are unsuccessful.
Utilize a detailed infographic to further your knowledge about the
pediatric bradycardia with pulse/poor perfusion algorithm.
Know how to recognize tachycardia through the listed signs and symptoms
and learn about several types of tachycardia, including sinus tachycardia,
supraventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, and
ventricular tachycardia. Further, learn the differences between narrow
and wide QRS complexes of tachyarrhythmia.
Know how to respond and manage tachyarrhythmia by assessing pulse and perfusion.
Utilize a detailed infographic to further your knowledge about tachycardia.
Learn the difference between compensated and uncompensated shock. Further,
familiarize yourself with the types of shocks: hypovolemic, distributive
(includes septic, anaphylactic, and neurogenic shocks), cardiogenic, and
obstructive. Study the description, signs, and symptoms of the shocks to
be able to recognize them.
Know how to respond to the following shocks: hypovolemic, distributive
(includes septic, anaphylactic, and neurogenic shocks), cardiogenic, and obstructive.
Know how to recognize cardiac arrests by studying its reversible causes (the H's and the T's).
Further, learn to recognize cardiopulmonary failure by assessing the ABCDE (airway, breathing,
circulation, disability, exposure); and learn to recognize arrest rhythms such as asystole,
pulseless electrical activity (PEA), ventricular fibrillation (VFiB), and pulseless ventricular tachycardia (VTach).
Know how to respond to cardiac arrest in pediatrics. Utilize a detailed infographic to
further your knowledge about the pediatric cardiac arrest algorithm.
Learn to provide post-resuscitation care in case of a return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC).
Study the post-resuscitation systematic approach to care for the following systems: respiratory,
cardiovascular, neurological, renal, gastrointestinal, and hematological.
Utilize a detailed infographic to further your knowledge about the pediatric post-resuscitation care algorithm.