PALS Essentials

Please purchase the course before starting the lesson.
  • Prevention does not require advanced skills, and early intervention can positively impact an emergency situation.
  • Keep in mind that the child and infant’s family and their response is influenced by a variety of factors and coping skills.
  • Mentally prepare for treating the child or the infant as you approach the scene.
  • Assess the appearance, work of breathing, and skin color as you approach any child or infant.
  • A child or infant’s general appearance provides an important clue to the severity of illness, alert and interactive children or infants are rarely seriously ill.
  • Head bobbing is a sign of respiratory distress in infants.
  • A normal pulse oximetry reading does not exclude respiratory distress.
  • Infants and young children may become agitated when attempting to apply supplemental oxygen.
  • Slowing of normal respiratory rate after a period of respiratory distress can herald respiratory arrest.
  • Bradycardia in children is most often due to hypoxia.
  • Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the leading cause of death for infants of one month to one year of age.
  • An unexpected death of a child or infant is extremely stressful for the rescuer/provider.
  • If a foreign body is suspected, look inside the mouth and airway before suctioning.
  • Nasopharyngeal airways are useful for persons having a seizure.
  • Do not blindly sweep the airway to avoid pushing a foreign body in further.
  • Pull the jaw up into the mask; do not push the mask onto the face when using bag-valve mask.
  • Deliver breaths slowly over one second to avoid gastric distention.
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