Airway Management

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ACLS Airway Management OPA
ACLS Airway Management NPA
ACLS Airway Management OPA Mouth
ACLS Airway Management OPA Mouth

Figure 10

If bag-mask ventilation is adequate, providers may defer insertion of an advanced airway. Health care providers should make the decision as to the appropriateness of placing an advanced airway during the ACLS Survey. The value of securing the airway must be balanced against the need to minimize the interruption in perfusion that results in halting CPR during airway placement.

Basic airway equipment includes the oropharyngeal airway (OPA) and the nasopharyngeal airway (NPA). The primary difference between an OPA (Figure 10a) and a NPA (Figure 10b) is that an OPA is placed in the mouth (Figure 11c and 11d) while a NPA is inserted through the nose. Both airway equipment terminate in the pharynx. The main advantage of a NPA over an OPA is that it can be used in either conscious or unconscious individuals because the device does not stimulate the gag reflex.

Advanced airway equipment includes the laryngeal mask airway, laryngeal tube, esophageal-tracheal tube, and endotracheal tube. Different styles of these supraglottic airways are available. If it is within your scope of practice, you may use advanced airway equipment when appropriate and available.

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