|Assess The Victim||
Steps for CPR
- Check for the carotid pulse on the side of the neck. Remember not to waste time trying to feel for a pulse; feel for NO MORE THAN 10 seconds. If you are not sure you feel a pulse, begin CPR with a cycle of 30 chest compressions and two breaths. (Fig. 1)
- Use the heel of one hand on the lower half of the sternum in the middle of the chest. (Fig. 2)
- Put your other hand on top of the first hand. (Fig. 3)
- Straighten your arms and press straight down. Compressions should be AT LEAST two inches into the victim’s chest and at a rate of AT LEAST 100 per minute. (Fig. 4)
- Stop pressing and let the chest expand after each compression – this will allow blood to return back into the heart.
- After 30 compressions, stop compressions and open the airway
by tilting the head and lifting the chin. (Fig. 5A & B)
- Put your hand on the victim’s forehead and tilt the head back.
- Lift the victim’s jaw by placing your index and middle fingers on the lower jaw; lift up.
- Do not perform head tilt/chin lift if you suspect the victim may have a neck injury. Use jaw thrust instead.
- Give a breath while watching the chest rise. Repeat while giving a second breath. Breaths should be delivered over 1 second.
- Resume chest compressions with minimal interruptions.